Pathway to Adulthood

The design and content of Project UDAYA is guided by a theoretical framework that draws on the transitions to adulthood framework (National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, 2005) and the asset building framework (Sebstad and Bruce, 2004; Bruce et al., 2012.

Pathways to successful transitions to adulthood

State and national context
  • Programmes for adolescents sponsored by state and national governments and their reach
  • Budgetary allocations
  • Enforcement of laws relevant to adolescents
  • National and state level policies relevant to adolescents
  • Programmes sponsored by bilateral and multilateral donors, private foundations and NGOs
Family, media and community environment
Family and Kin
  • Parental control/supervision
  • Parental support
  • Parent-adolescent communication
  • Violence within family
  • Co-residence with parents
  • Parental characteristics
  • Family structure, siblings
  • Religious/caste affiliation
Media and ICT
  • Exposure to mass media
  • Access to internet and social media
  • Access to and use of mobile phones
Health resources
  • Access to health centers
  • Interations with healthcare providers
Economic resources
  • Family economic status
  • Employment opportunities
Educational resources
  • Access to primary & secondary schools
  • Quality of schooling
Safe environment
  • Community-level youth violence
  • Concerns about safety for girls
Access to education, employment, health, empowerment related entitlements
Assets acquired in adolescence
Human assets
  • Aspirations
  • Skills
  • Knowledge
  • Agency
  • Attiudes and beliefs
  • Health
Social assets
  • Peer network
  • Access to trusted mentors
  • Group membership
Financial assets
  • Access to cash Savings
  • Financial literacy
Physical assets
  • Access to safe, social spaces
  • Personal items (clothing,food etc.)
Quality of transitions to young adulthood and beyond
Work role
  • Age at entry
  • Duration of paid employment
  • Type of occupation
  • Exercise of informed choice and
  • Realization of aspirations
Entry into sexual life before marriage
  • Nature of sexual initiation (safe and consensual initiation)
  • Age at marriage and nature of sexual initiation within marriage
  • Role in marriage related decisions and relaization of marriage related aspirations
  • Quality of marital relationship
  • Age at first parenthood
  • Role in parenthood related decisions and realization of parenthood related aspirations
  • Contraceptive use
  • Maternal health practices at first pregnancy/birth
  • Newborn care practices
  • Voting
  • Participation in community-led activities
  • No engagement in community-level violence